Writing Task 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge of the following topic:
More and more qualified people are moving from poor to rich countries to fill vacancies in specialist areas like engineering , computing, and medicine. Some people believe that by encouraging the movement of such people rich countries are stealing from poor countries. Others feel that this is only part of a natural movement of workers around the world.
What is your opinion?
Do you think rich countries should pay poorer countries for the people they encourage to come?
What other measures could rich countries take to encourage qualified people to stay and help develop their own countries?
The so-called ‘brain drain’ from poor to rich countries is now robbing poorer countries of essential workers like doctors, nurses, engineers and the trend will continue, if not to get worse.
Some people say this movement of people around the world is not new. People have always been attracted by the wider choice of employment and greater opportunity in big cities in their own countries and abroad. As the technological age advances, richer countries do not have enough workers to keep up with the development , so they turn to other parts of the world to find the workers they need. Many richer European countries , for examples , are now trying to attract skilled IT workers from India by offering higher salaries than they could get at home. With globalization, many people feel that the process cannot be stopped.
Others like myself think that measures should be taken to improve the situation. For example, rich countries could compensate poorer countries for the loss of investment in the people they have trained, like doctors, nurses, teachers, and dentist. However, this may be difficult to organize but an attempt could be made to get it started. Another step, which has already begun to happen, is to use the forces of globalization itself. Western countries could encourage people to stay in their own countries by direct investment in projects like computer factories, or they could send more patients abroad for treatment , as it already happening.
It is obviously difficult to stop the movement around the world and it is probably foolish to try to stop it, but attempts should be made to improve the situations.
Source: Academic Writing for IELTS by Sam McCarter
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